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Archery is one of the most ancient adaptive sports still practiced today. In 1948, archery made its debut as an adaptive sport at the Stoke Mandeville Games, which are considered the cradle of the Paralympics. Practicing archery enhances the ability to concentrate, improves the sitting balance in the wheelchair, and strengthens the dorsal, pectoral and shoulder muscles. Therefore, archery is ideally suited for rehabilitation purposes. Since 2014, when this sport was introduced to the competition programme of the Invictus Games, the members of the physically or mentally wounded, injured or sick service community have been able to compete in it. The archery competitions are held in the three categories of Novice Recurve, Open Recurve and Open Compound. There are individual and team events. Each nation is permitted to have one team of three archers registered for each category. Competitors registered for the team events must already have competed individually.

The rules and regulations applicable to the IG archery competitions correspond in nearly all aspects to the rules and regulations issued by World Archery (FITA), the international governing body for the Olympic and Paralympic sport of archery. The archers aim their arrows at the assigned targets, which are marked with ten concentric scoring rings. The closer to the centre of the target the arrow hits, the higher the score obtained by the archer. The competitors with the highest scores win.